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What is surgery?
Surgery is a surgical technique to remove or repair damaged organs, with the aim of returning the body to normal or near-normal functioning. Performing this technique are doctors who understand the human body, the pathological process, and above all, they have been trained in the techniques of cutting - sawing, sewing - patching on human organs.
What is surgical disease?
The disease occurs due to the dysfunction or change in the structure of the organs in the body. Most of these changes need to be corrected with medication, but some need to be corrected surgically – these are also known as surgical diseases.
Therefore, surgery is a very effective and quick treatment for diseases that cannot be cured by medicine, but it is also a method that carries many potential dangers in the treatment process for patients.
What to prepare for surgery?
When your doctor informs you that an illness requires surgery, how do you need to prepare?
For emergency surgery, you will be prepared and checked everything right at the hospital. Your doctor will do blood tests to see how well your liver and kidneys are functioning, your blood clotting function, and your blood cell count. Chest x-ray and electrocardiogram to see if the heart and lungs are working properly? If necessary, an echocardiogram will be checked. Then the Anesthesiologist will examine you to evaluate the work of anesthesia for surgery. Your job is to inform the doctors what diseases you have, are you taking any drugs, are you allergic to any drugs? and don't forget to ask your surgeon about anything related to the surgery that you would like to know more about. Do not eat or drink anything and calmly wait until you enter the operating room.
For non-emergency diseases, you should have a light meal the night before surgery, stop anti-inflammatory or anticoagulant drugs about 1 week before surgery. You can continue to take cardiovascular and diabetes medications, but stop taking them on the day of surgery. On the day of surgery, you should abstain from eating, drinking, bathing, and urinating before entering the operating room. In cases of cardiovascular disease such as high blood pressure, ischemic heart disease, lung disease or unstable diabetes, your doctor may recommend medical treatment before deciding to have surgery. Some colorectal diseases require bowel washing or enema to clean, the doctor will instruct how to do so for admission a few days before.
For some other surgical diseases such as thyroid nodules, gallstones, inguinal hernias, etc., doctors can perform screening tests in the morning and surgery at noon if all parameters allow.
How to take care after surgery?
When you wake up from surgery, your doctor will give you medicine so you don't feel pain and don't vomit. You should sit up early and practice walking as soon as possible (within the first 24 hours), go to the toilet and go around the hospital bed, this can avoid complications after surgery.
If there are no special instructions, you can drink water or eat porridge when you feel hungry, eat and drink normally after 2-3 days, discharged after a few days. The pain of the incision will decrease with each day and it will be more painful with movement, this is normal. About 7 to 10 days you will no longer feel the pain.
Tell your doctor if you have any of the following signs: persistent and severe abdominal pain or wound pain, vomiting and abdominal distension, high fever - chills, discharge through the incision...
What are the possible complications during and after surgery?
When surgical intervention is required to treat the disease, there may be complications related to anesthesia, surgery, and the healing process after surgery. Although there are many types of complications that can occur, the rate of occurrence is extremely low in healthy patients
The more common complications during and after surgery are: bleeding, wound infection. In addition, surgery on the gastrointestinal tract can also be encountered: paralytic ileus, intestinal obstruction, leaky anastomosis, peritonitis...
Patients with chronic diseases such as heart disease, lung disease, diabetes, etc. may have complications such as myocardial infarction, pneumonia, cerebrovascular accident, etc.
The risks of surgery cannot be completely prevented, but with careful attention, detailed monitoring can reduce the harm caused by these complications. Good preparation of the patient before surgery, correction of all disorders, quick and minimally invasive surgery, and early post-operative exercise will help minimize the risks of surgery.
What is Laparoscopic Surgery?
Laparoscopic surgery is a new surgical technique developed in the last 30 years. Instead of using the hand and looking directly at the operating room, laparoscopic surgery is performed when the doctor looks at the body parts indirectly through the external screen thanks to the mini TV system inserted inside the body and using the instruments. small tools like chopsticks to dissect, cut, and sew organs.
Patients will have much less pain, faster recovery, and aesthetics. Moreover, laparoscopic surgery can be performed more easily in some cases where the surgical site is deep and the surgical field is magnified so the surgery is performed more accurately.
Up to now, laparoscopic surgery has gradually replaced 75-80% of conventional open surgery for general surgery.
What should the patient eat after surgery?
In addition to proper nutrition, a balance of nutrients such as starch, fat, protein, fiber, vitamins, some foods containing a lot of zinc, etc., patients should also limit foods. down here:
Do not eat foods that are hard, difficult to chew, and difficult to digest
After surgery, the patient's body is very weak, tired, and often anorexia, loss of appetite. Therefore, foods that are hard, difficult to chew, and difficult to digest will make them even more reluctant to eat, eat very difficult when chewing and swallowing, even affecting the digestive system, causing irritation to the wound. Instead, in the first days after surgery, patients should eat liquid foods such as porridge or soup, etc. These are foods that are both easy to eat and beneficial to the digestive system.
You should also not eat chicken after surgery to avoid scarring. In addition to chicken, you should also abstain from eggs and beef. Specifically, if you eat eggs, the wound when it heals will be lighter in color than the surrounding skin, in some cases it is also patchy like tinnitus, causing unsightly. And patients who eat a lot of beef after undergoing surgery will have a darker wound and are more likely to form keloids and dark scars when they heal.
Food can cause allergies, making wounds heal longer
After surgery, patients need to abstain from foods that cause irritation and allergies. Specifically, patients should abstain from seafood and sticky foods. According to folk opinion, dishes made from glutinous rice are often hot and have the risk of causing the wound to swell more than usual and fester. As for seafood such as shrimp, sea fish, etc., patients should also abstain from it because it can increase the risk of itching and discomfort in the wound. Moreover, these foods are also easy to cause skin inflammation, slow wound healing, and easy scarring.Besides seafood and sticky foods, you should also not eat some foods such as silkworm pupae, nuts, ... or foods that you have never eaten to reduce the risk of allergies, making the wound itchy...
Stimulant foods, fermented foods
Some foods that patients after surgery need to abstain from can include spices or spicy, hot foods, etc. because it can cause toxins to accumulate and make the wound prone to festering.
Some fermented foods such as pickles, salted eggplant or carbonated drinks, etc. also need to be limited to avoid digestive problems and reduce the risk of infection.
Do not eat foods with high cholesterol
Some foods with high cholesterol such as processed foods, fast foods, foods containing a lot of fat, etc. often cause indigestion and are not good for the digestive system. Moreover, if you eat a lot of greasy foods, it will also make the incision heal longer.
Foods with a lot of fiber
Although this is a very good food group, especially capable of supporting the functioning of the digestive system, after undergoing surgery, patients should limit the consumption of foods high in fiber. For example, sweet potatoes, bread, celery or peanuts, etc. can cause patients to have indigestion and easily cause constipation.
Patients after surgery often have weak resistance so they should eat carefully processed foods, foods that have been cooked. At the same time, you should not eat raw foods, or rare foods such as raw vegetables, fish salad, sushi, mannequins, etc. because it may contain many harmful bacteria.
Things need to notice
How long does the patient need to fast?
This is a question asked by many people but cannot give a definite answer. The abstinence time of each person is different because it depends on each person's pathology, the postoperative status of each patient is different, geographical location, history, ...
You need to note that, whether it is a small surgery or a major surgery, the patient also needs to clean and take good care of the incision and also needs a scientific and reasonable diet to speed up the process. recuperate.
Normally, after surgery, the wound will go through 3 stages: First, dry, heal, then heal and finally recover completely. The time for these 3 stages can last from 2 weeks to 1 month, depending on location, incision care, and each person's diet.
Surgery related products on Printerval.com
The Surgery items available from Printerval include T-shirts, Tanktops, and Hoodies,.., all in a range of colors and sizes to suit your needs and preferences. Aside from that, the designs on Printerval are also the distinctive creations of designers from all over the globe.
It is intended for those of you who are looking for motivational quotes after surgery or simply some amusing graphics connected to the theme of surgery; nevertheless, the designs are not likely to make you joyful. dissapointed.
The goods supplied by Printerval are of high quality, and they are extensively tested before being sent to clients to guarantee that they are of the highest possible quality and reliability. In order to satisfy client expectations, Printerval.com delivers items of the highest quality while placing the customer's needs first at all times.