Interesting facts about NASA
NASA, a familiar term that we hear regularly on TV and social media but not all people get the hang of this topic. In this article, Printerval will share with you interesting facts about this space agency.
What is NASA?
NASA, also known as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, is the United States federal government agency responsible for the implementation of the space exploration and aeronautical research program.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower founded NASA in 1958 with a civilian purpose toward peaceful applications in space science. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration Act was passed on July 29, 1958, dissolving the predecessor agency of NASA, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). The new agency officially operated on October 1, 1958.
Since then, most space exploration missions have been undertaken by NASA, including the Apollo moon landings, the Skylab space station, and the space shuttle program. Currently, NASA is involved in the construction and operation of the International Space Station( ISS) and is overseeing the development of the Orion spacecraft, the( SLS) Space Launch System, and spacecraft launches with the participation of other crews. joint-stock company. The agency is also responsible for the Launch Services Program (LSP), which oversees and manages NASA's unmanned spacecraft launch activities.
NASA's science main goals highlight exploring and understanding the Earth through the Earth Observation System program, studying the physics of the Sun, exploring the celestial bodies in the Solar system with advanced robotic spacecraft such as New Horizons, and research into topics of astrophysics, such as those related to the Big Bang, through the development of large space research instruments and other associated programs.
In addition, NASA also shares information and studies’ achievements with a lot of national and international institutions and organizations, the GOSAT Greenhouse Gas Observation Satellite Program is an example.
Achievements of NASA
NASA has contributed to the 5 greatest scientific achievements in history.
Chandra X-ray Observatory
The Chandra telescope was launched into space in the second half of 1999 and is an instrument that plays an important role in NASA's space mission. For fifteen years of operation, Chandra has provided humanity with a unique panoramic view of the universe that has been considered one of the greatest scientific achievements in the history of NASA.
Freedom 7 and the mission to send the first American into space
On May 5, 1961, Alan Shepard officially became the first American astronaut to fly into space. It's also important to note that Shepard was not the first person to go into space - that was the great achievement of the great Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin.
International Space Station( ISS)
Construction of the International Space Station (ISS) began in 1998 and has been in use since 2000 by researchers. The first crew set foot on the station in 2000 and since then they have lived there. The International Space Station was constructed with the aim of space research and exploration.
NASA and partners from around the world officially completed the entire construction of the International Space Station in 2011. Astronomers have had to work to figure out how to live in zero gravity, and beyond to complete the future mission of sending humans to the Moon and Mars.
On April 11, 1970, the Apollo 13 spacecraft was launched, and after 55 hours and 55 minutes, a terrible explosion occurred, destroying almost the entire system as well as the equipment necessary to maintain its life on board.
The horrifying incident began when one of the train's engines stopped working within two minutes of take-off. One of the oxygen tanks exploded and the force of the explosion caused the second oxygen tank to burst. Soon after, two of the spacecraft's three fuel tanks shut down. This means that all the oxygen stored on Apollo 13 has leaked into space and all basic support for life such as electricity, water, light, temperature, and oxygen has ceased.
This disaster marked one of the greatest collective rescues in human history. People thought of the tragic possibilities that could happen but in the end, a miracle happened, the fact that the crew members- James Lovell, Fred Hayes, and John Swigert all survived is considered a miracle.
The Apollo 11 space shuttle became the first successful mission to send a man to the Moon. When astronaut Neil Armstrong stepped on the surface of the Moon and uttered the legendary phrase "One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind". That made the world amazed and some were skeptical, even didn’t believe in miracles.
Soon after, Buzz Aldrin and two others became the next people to set foot on the Moon. Since the successful Apollo 11 mission, only ten astronauts have set foot on Earth's only natural satellite.
NASA subject in fashion and life
Nowadays, we can see images and printing artworks of NASA everywhere around us including fashion items, necessities, …
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